Holocaust Overview & Locations



MENU - Holocaust Overview & Locations
Introduction   Concentration Camps    Ghettos   Killing Sites   Latvian Holocaust Jewish Names Project
Histories & Comments   Read More About It   Related Pages

INTRODUCTION

The Holocaust in Latvia destroyed most of the Jewish population and most Jewish institutions. A much smaller but vibrant Jewish community is rebuilding in Latvia today. See Jewish Latvia Today.

The list of camps, ghettos and killing sites below is by no means complete but is a starting point.

Extermination of the Latvian Jews 1941
Margers Vestermanis, Director of the "'Jews in Latvia" Museum/Documentation Centre
http://vip.latnet.lv/lpra/Vestermanis.htm

 

CONCENTRATION CAMPS

Riga-Salispils (Kurtenhof)

Riga-Kaiserwald (Mezaparks)

Dundaga

Eleje-Meitenes

Jungfernhof (Jumpravmuiza)

Lenta

Manor of Strazdu

Poperwahlen (Dundaga II)

Spilwe

 

GHETTOS

Riga Ghetto

Dvinsk Ghetto

Liepaja Ghetto

 

KILLING SITES

Akniste (near Lithuanian border)

Bikernieki Forest (outside of Riga)

Daugavpils/Dvinsk

Gogol Street Synagogue (Choral Synagogue of Riga)

Jelgava (Mitau)

Liepaja (Skede)

Rumbula Forest (outside of Riga)

Valmiera

 

LATVIAN HOLOCAUST JEWISH NAMES PROJECT

Latvian Holocaust Jewish Names Project
Documenting The Names of Those Who Perished in Latvia

The 1935 Latvian census identified 93,479 Jews living in Latvia. It is estimated that about 70,000 Latvian Jews perished in the Holocaust, the great majority by December 1941. The totality and speed with which this mass murder was achieved meant that many families were completely destroyed with no one left to mourn or even inquire about the dead. As a result, disturbingly few of those killed have been identified. Until now approximately 70 per cent of the Holocaust victims of Latvia remain unidentified.

The purpose of the Latvia Holocaust Jewish Names Project is to recover the names and identities of these members of the Latvian Jewish Community who perished and to ensure that their memory is preserved. The project is undertaken by the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Latvia, Riga. Results of the names research is on the web at: http://names.lu.lv/

The project is not yet finished, many columns of the personal cards are still empty and the fate of many Latvian Jews still has to be established. If the fate of a family member or friend is not stated, you are encouraged to share information about their fate with the names project, at the email address on their web site.

 

HISTORIES & COMMENTS

Jewish History of Latvia - Holocaust Period

Extermination Of The Latvian Jews In 1941
By Margers Vestermanis
Director of the "'Jews in Latvia" Museum/Documentation Centre

Remembrance and Understanding of the Holocaust in Latvia
Speech by Vaira Vîíe-Freiberga, President of Latvia,
Stockholm January 27, 2000

  Latvians and Jews Between Germany and Russia
      by Frank Gordan

The History of the Deportation of [German] Jewish citizens to Riga in 1941/1942
By Prof. Dr Wolfgang Scheffler

The Latvian Holocaust
Christian Churches of G-d overview

The Holocaust in the Baltics - Overview/Summary

 LATVIA's JEWISH COMMUNITY: HISTORY, TRAGEDY, REVIVAL
by Leo Dribins, Armands Gutmanis, Margers Vestermanis
This is the full text of the book on Latvian Jews that was presented
at the November 29, 2001 conference.
http://www.am.gov.lv/en/ministry/4265/4299/

 

READ MORE ABOUT IT

The Holocaust in Latvia, 1941-1944 : The Missing Center
By Andrew Ezergailis
Historical Institute of Latvia in association with the USHMM
465 pp. $50.00
 Excerpt - Introduction

The Unfinished Road: Jewish Survivors of Latvia Look Back
By Gertrude Schneider
Praeger Publishers, 1991, 232 pages, $69.95
The remembrances of thirteen survivors of the Holocaust in Latvia
combined with the story of a Latvian-Swedish Jewish businessman-negotiator,
who worked to save concentration camp victims.

How to Document Victims and Locate Survivors of the Holocaust
by Gary Mokotoff, Avotaynu, 1995

`Im ha-gav el ha-kir: Lehimat yehudei Latvia be-natzim
(With their backs to the wall: The armed struggle of Latvian Jewry against
the Nazis 1941-1945)
By Dov Levin
Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1978.

MASTERS OF DEATH
The SS-Einsatzgruppen and The Invention of the Holocaust

By Richard Rhodes
Knopf.
335 pp. $27.50
Washington Post review of Masters of Death, by Deborah E. Lipstadt
New York Times Review of Masters of Death, by Walter Reich

The Murder of the Jews in Latvia, 1941-1945
By Bernhard Press, Laimdota Mazzarins (Translator)
Northwestern University Press
222 pp. $18.00

Tainy rizhskogo podpol´ia: bor´ba rabochikh Rigi v gody gitlerovskoi
okkupatsii, 1941-1944.

By Ianis Dzintars
Riga: Avots, 1986.

Véstules Nákamibai: Latvijas Partizanu Kustibas un Komunistika Pagrides
Cinitaju Pirmsnaves Atvadas: Dokumentu krajums (1941-1945).

By Magers Vestermanis
Riga: Liesma, 1965.

Endless Miracles
By Jack Ratz, Felice Eisner
Shengold Publishing 1998
178 pp.

From Hell To Redemption - A Memoir of the Holocaust
By Boris Kacel
University Press of Colorado 1998
232 pp. Hardcover

 

RELATED PAGES AT THIS WEBSITE

Latvia Jewish History - Overview


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